Middlesbrough is a large industrial town situated on the south bank of the River Tees in North Yorkshire, England. The council is a unitary authority with a Mayor and is Middlesbrough Borough Council. It also extends into and beyond the boundary of Redcar and Cleveland. It is twinned with Oberhausen in Germany
Middlesbrough has a population according to national statistics of 138,400 but if you include additional sub-divisions you are looking at an increased population of 174,700.
Up until 1889, the town was governed by the North Riding of Yorkshire and was then created into a county borough. In 1968, it was then merged with others to form the County Borough Of Teesside and was absorbed in 1974 into Cleveland. d beyond the council boundary into the neighbouring borough of Redcar & Cleveland. Whilst the Middlesbrough council area had 138,400 residents according to the office for national statistics, the Middlesbrough built-up area sub-division had a population of 174,700, which itself is part of the larger built-up area of Teesside and had an overall population of 376,333 at the 2011 census.
Middlesbrough was governed by the County Council of the North Riding of Yorkshire until 1889, when it was created acounty borough. In 1968 the borough was merged with a number of others to form the County Borough of Teesside, which was absorbed in 1974 by the county of Cleveland.
When Middlesbrough was founded in 1830, the motto Erimus was chosen this means “we shall be” and is used in the names of commercial ventures and other organisations including many social clubs.
The coat of arms shows an azure lion beneath two ships to represent the port of Middlesbrough. The design is based on that of the Brus family who owned the site on which Middlesbrough is built.
Industry and War Influence
Famously Ironstone was discovered in the array of hills called Eston Hills in 1850. In 1841, Henry Bolckow formed a partnership with John Vaughan and started an iron foundry and rolling mill on Vulcan Street. For many years, Teesside was ahead of the game across the world and set the price for iron and steel, famously supplying the steel components for Sydney Harbour Bridge and also New Tyne Bridge.
During the Second World War, Middlesbrough was one of the first targets to be bombed purely down to its industrial capability and around a dozen were dropped between South Bank Road and South Steel Plant.
The railway station was also put out of action for two weeks in 1942 and by the end of the war over 200 buildings had been damaged or demolished leaving much of Middlesbrough central needed to be redeveloped.
Acklam Hall situated in Acklam is a Grade I listed building and was built in 1678 by Sir William Hustler.
The Restoration Mansion has undergone progressive updates through the centuries and is accessible via an avenue of trees.
The Transporter Bridge was built in 1911 and is 850ft long, 225ft high and is still one of the largest structure of this type in the world.
It is a Grade II listed building and is also still working to move vehicles across the River Tees.
The urban centre of Middlesbrough remains home to a variety of architecture ranging from the Middlesbrough Institute of Modern Art (MIMA), opened in January 2007 to replace a number of former outlying galleries; and the Centre North East, formerly Corporation House, which opened in 1971.
The Middlesbrough Town Hall was designed by George Hoskins and was built around 1883/7 and is an imposing structure inside and out.
It contains a crypt which is know to provide many an hours entertainment and attracts quality acts to its stages. It is a Grade II listed building. A little further afield is the Middlesbrough Theatre opened by Sir John Gielgud in 1957 and was one of the first theatres built in England after the Second World War.
Middlesbrough is famous for the good old calorific Parmo, a version of scallopini Parmigiana or schnitzel consisting of deep-fried breaded chicken or pork cutlet, topped with thick béchamel sauce and grilled cheese. It is served with chips, salad & garlic sauce, and popular with people late at night who have been out on the town.
It comes in many forms and can be bought in a bun and is known to be a heart attack meal. How do you like to eat yours? And where do you find your best Parmo?
Middlesbrough is home to the current Championship Side Middlesbrough FC who play at the Riverside Stadium. Up until 1995, they played at Ayresome Park and were the first team in 1905 to break the £1000 barrier for a transfer of a football player.
Television and Films.
Middlesbrough has featured in many television programmes, including The Fast Show, Steel River Blues, Spender and of course Auf Wiedersehen Pet,
Some of the filming of Billy Elliot was done near to the Transporter Bridge and in May 2008, the town was chosen to take part in the BBC Public Space Broadcasting Project. We were offered a large 27m2 screen by the BBC and the London Organising Committee of the Olympic Games. The screen was installed 11 July 2008 and was located at the western end of Centre Square.
In November 2009, the Mima Gallery was used by the presenters of Top Gear as part of a car exhibit challenge. The exhibit itself was to see if cars can out do the natural art that was on display.